FOUR’s collection of festive recipes have been an adventurous lot so far,featuring Rene Redzepi’s Mutsu Apples and Reindeer Tongue, X-treme Chinese cuisine from Alvin Leung and now this unsettlingly entitled abalone dish featuring pickled kelp and mushroom gel, Tidal Pool, courtesy of US chef David Kinch.

Over the last few years, David has forged a distinctive culinary path, gaining his restaurant Manresa two Michelin stars and putting himself at the forefront of California’s contemporary cuisine scene. Taken from his latest cookbook, Manresa, Tidal Pool is a homage to David’s love of California’s culinary terroir and his passion for farm-to-plate cooking, not to mention the perfect winter-warmer for those frostier days this festive season.

A Winter Tidal Pool

Serves 8


Pickled Kelp

115mlunseasoned rice wine vinegar

115mlwhite wine vinegar


55g sugar

55g battera kombu, rinsed in cold water and cut crosswise into 3/4 inch-wide strips


115g red abalone 31/2 inches long

Mushroom gel

20g dried shiitake mushrooms

200mlwarm water

5-10g dark soy sauce

Kosher salt

Xanthan gum

Oyster gel

120mloyster liquid, strained through cheesecloth

Kosher salt

Xanthan gum

Pinch of edible silver flake

Tidal Broth

1000g low-mineral content water

12g dried shiitake mushrooms

15g dried large kombu

25g bonito flakes, thinly shaved

30-60g white soy sauce

15-20g ponzu

Kosher salt

To serve

Grapeseed oil, for frying

1-2 sheets gold nori

80g foie gras, sliced into 10g pieces

8 cleaned sea urchin tongues

20 New Zealand spinach leaves

20 small Malabar spinach leaves

Green scallion tops, thinly sliced and soaked in ice water until curled

1-2 bunches enoki mushrooms, stems trimmed to 1 inch

1-2 whole yuzu or Meyer lemons


Pickled Kelp

Whisk the vinegars, water, and sugar together and bring to a boil until the sugar dissolves. Cool the mixture to room temperature. Submerge the kombu in the pickling liquid, cover and leave to steep overnight in the refrigerator. The pickled kombu can be made ahead of time and will keep for months.


Remove the abalone from its shell and remove the viscera with kitchen shears. Rinse thoroughly in lukewarm water to relax the meat. Place the abalone between 2 kitchen towels with the foot side up and pound forcefully with a meat pounder or a heavy pan until the foot flattens (typically, this takes 2 good blows.) Allow it to rest in a covered container in the refrigerator for 2 to 3 hours or overnight.

Mushroom gel

Soak the mushrooms in the water for at least 6 hours or overnight. Strain the mixture, reserving the mushrooms for another use and season the liquid with soy sauce and salt. Weigh the seasoned liquid and then transfer to a blender. Weigh out xanthan equaling 0.6 percent of the liquid weight (for example, for 100 grams of liquid, use 0.6 gram of xanthan). While blending on the lowest speed, gradually shear in the xanthan. Continue blending for approximately 5 or 6 minutes, until the mixture thickens and then strain the gel into a vacuum seal bag. Vacuum at 100%, without sealing (repeat 5 to 6 times to remove any air bubbles). The gel will keep in the refrigerator for up to 1 week.

Oyster gel

Season the oyster liquid to taste with salt and transfer to a blender. While blending on the lowest speed, gradually shear in the xanthan and add the silver flakes. Continue blending until the mixture thickens. Transfer the mixture to a vacuum seal bag without straining and vacuum at 100 % 5 to 6 times to remove any air bubbles. The gel will keep in the refrigerator for 3 to 5 days.

Tidal broth

Heat the water, mushrooms, and kombu in a large pan and cover until it reaches 60°C and leave for 1 hour. Remove and discard the kombu. Heat the mushrooms and broth to 80°C. Add the bonito flakes, stir for 15 seconds, and immediately strain through a cheesecloth or linen-towed lined chinois. Discard the solids and season the broth to taste with soy sauce, ponzu, and salt. If making ahead, keep it in the refrigerator.

To serve

Drain 2 pieces of Pickled Kelp per serving. Warm the Tidal Broth almost to a simmer, so that bubbles form on the bottom of the pan. Toast the nori by waving it over low heat until it crisps and turns a lighter shade of green. Tear the toasted nori into 1-inch pieces. Slice the raw abalone crosswise, as thinly as possible, cutting a few slices for each serving. Quickly stir-fry the abalone with grapeseed oil in a hot pan.

For each serving, place a slice of foie gras in a heated bowl topped with a sea urchin tongue, pickled kelp, and a few slices of abalone. Garnish with a few spinach leaves, curled scallions, 8 to 10 mushrooms, and 5 to 6 pieces of nori. Immediately before serving, add 90g of warm Tidal Broth to each bowl. Float several pools each of Mushroom Gel and Oyster Gel on top of the broth. With a fine grate yuzu zest over the entire bowl.